Hi guys, for today’s topic we’re going to learn about numbers in Korean! Both the Real-Korean ones (고유의 수사) and Sino-Korean (한자의 수사) which was derived from Chinese.
These two types of numbers have different usage and you can see how they are used in the table below!
So let’s just start learning those numbers!
The concept for counting those after 10 is like this:
11 = 10+1 = 열 + 하나 / 십 + 일
21 = 20+1 = 스물 + 하나 / 이십 + 일
35 = 30+5 = 서른 + 다섯 / 삼십 + 오
77 = 70+7 = 일흔 + 일곱 / 칠십 + 칠
99 = 90+9 = 아흔 + 이홉 / 구십 + 구
The patterns are the same for both type of numbers
After reaching 99, the next numbers follow the Sino-Korean ones as you can see on the table below:
Let say, you wanna tell someone the year you’re born, 1995 for example. By following the concept it will be:
1995 = 1,000 + 900 + 90 + 5 = 천 + 구백 + 구십 + 오 = 천구백구십오
한자의 수사 (Sino-Korean)
In Korea, people tell the dates starting from the year followed by the month and the date. However, for June and October, instead of using 육월 and 십월. They use 유월 and 시월.
2015, October 6 = 이천십오년 시월 육일
Year 2015 = 2000 + 10 + 5 + 년 = 이천 + 십 + 오 + 년
Month October = 시월
Date 6 = 육 + 일
1993, February 23 = 천구백구삼년 이월 이십칠일
Year 1993 = 1000 + 900 + 90 + 3 + 년 = 천 + 구백 + 구십 + 삼 + 년
Month February = 이월
Date 27 = 20 + 7 + 일 = 이십+ 칠 + 일
For telling price, usually it’s seperated per four numbers from the back. It’s almost like telling year but more complicated. Korean currency is KRW (Korean Won / 원), so here, we’re going to use 원 for telling price.