Learn Korean,  South Korea

2 Types of Character Placement in Hangul

Regarding our first lesson on memorizing hangul, maybe some of you are confused about why the writing for some letters is placed differently. If you noticed it, great job! If not, it’s also okay.

So the vowel placements are written differently with certain consonants are because of the character placement rules.

There are nine types of placements which you can see in the picture below.

Image result for hangul chart

To break it down, let’s view it this way:

#1 The Consonant (C) – Vowels (V) Structure

In this first structure, it consists of 1 C and 1 V (it can also be V1 & V2)*. The rules are:

  • V1 & V2 means that two vowels are combined into one to make new vowels and those are:
  • ㅗ + ㅏ = ㅘ
  • ㅗ + ㅐ = ㅙ
  • ㅗ + ㅣ = ㅚ
  • ㅜ +ㅓ = ㅝ
  • ㅜ + ㅔ = ㅞ
  • ㅜ + ㅣ = ㅟ
  • ㅡ + ㅣ = ㅢ

Examples:

#2 The Consonant (C) – Vowels (V) – Consonant (C) Structure

  • In the second structure, you will find an ending with consonants. The single consonant ending rules are:

Examples:

  • The double C at the end of each structure is actually a combined consonant, such as ㅃ, ㅉ, ㄸ, ㄲ, ㅆ, ㄺ, ㅄ. The combined consonant ending rules are:

Examples:

Where should I start writing it…?

After knowing the rules, you should also know which letter to write first. That’s why I color coordinate each letter with yellow, light green, dark green, light blue, and dark blue.

Those colors show which one should you write first. The writing starts from the top left to the right and then to the bottom. Following this simple flow then it should be:

  1. Yellow: Write the first consonant
  2. Green (the light green goes first, dark green comes next): Followed by the vowels
  3. Blue (the light blue goes first too): End your word with an ending consonant!

And that’s it for today’s lesson! See you next post~

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